Bone grafting is used to rebuild bone in areas where bone has been lost. It is performed in the dental office under local anesthesia and is considered a minor surgical procedure. Grafting material is placed ina socket where the tooth is missing. You will then begin to grow new bone cells which will replace the grafting material over a period of time.
In order for your dental implant to last a lifetime, as they should, it needs to be fused to your jawbone. If you don’t have enough bone volume in that area then the chance of success with your implant decreases. Why would bone volume be low? When a tooth is lost your bone quality and quantity begin to deteriorate. This is why sometimes there may not be enough bone left to ensure success with the dental implant. This is the reasoning for first placing a bone graft. This is also why it’s recommended that you replace a tooth as soon as possible.
Graft material can come from different sources, including your body. However, laboratory-processed bone from a human or animal donor or synthetic material is often used.
If the grafting material comes from your own body, there are no safety concerns. Other bone substitutes, whether they are from a human donor or animal donor, pose very little risk of infectious disease transmission since they go through a rigorous safety screening. Also, the mineral graft materials that are used are naturally absorbed overtime and replaced with your own bone. This means that they do not stay in your body forever, so there is no cause for concern there either.
In order to do this procedure a small incision is made in the gum to access the bone beneath it. This may cause you to have some soreness after the procedure. For most people, all that is needed to help with this are ice packs and over the counter pain relievers.
After a day or two you should feel back to normal. However, the bone-regeneration process has only just begun. Your body will continue to make new bone cells over the next several months.
You’re body cannot reject the graft because it doesn’t contain any genetically coded or living materials. The only issue is if your body will make enough bone in response to the graft. If the graft has healed and your body has not made enough bone to effectively place a dental implant then more grafting material can be put in when the implant is placed.
The Oral Surgery Institute of the Carolinas is located in Greensboro NC. We offer oral, maxillofacial and implant surgery to NC residents! Our team of specialists looks forward to working with you and sharing their expertise. We offer a full range of services to diagnose, treat, and resolve your oral surgery needs. Our goal is to lay the foundation for a beautiful smile though implant surgery.